An Adventurer’s Guide to Basic Wilderness Survival

June 05, 2018

An Adventurer’s Guide to Basic Wilderness Survival

Your wanderlust has gotten the better of you and you’ve started to prepare.

Your backpack is ready and you’re itching to hike through the nature trails. But you’re a bit hesitant to actually kick-start this adventure. Excited you may be, but you know your weakness –your lack of education in basic survival.

Not to worry though. Here are just six skills you need to brush up on. Everything else will take care of itself!

Six Basic Survival Skills

1. Attitude

While panic does ensue if you’re faced with a situation, you must have the common sense to breathe first and think clearly through it. To start with, you must familiarize yourself with the rule of three:

  • 3 minutes without air
  • 3 hours without a regulated body temperature
  • 3 days without water
  • 3 weeks without food

This rule of three dictates the time a human can survive in different times. Now, while you might have to go through any situation yourself, it does give you a guideline to follow, what to prioritize if something happens. First, look for shelter, then water. Then look for food. Follow the SPEAR tactic:

  • Stop
  • Plan
  • Execute
  • Assess
  • Re-evaluate

Doing the above will automatically lessen your chances of taking a wrong step.

2. Know Your Shelter Considerations

Knowing how to build a shelter or finding a shelter is a crucial skill. In situations where you may need to protect yourself against the elements, search for a location that fits the following criteria:

  • Away from any hazards, such as rocks or near a cliff
  • Offers protection against the elements, such as strong winds, or rain.
  • Has a heat source or space to create one

Natural shelters like hollow stumps, caves, and others come in handy in such situations. 


3. Know Your Water

Humans need to drink around a gallon of water a day to survive. Unless the location offers a ready source of clean water, you might need to keep some back-up filled water bottles handy. Water from streams and lakes can have bacteria and pathogens, so it might not be good for drinking. However, if need be, try to boil the water and consume that. There are plenty of water-purifying tools you can utilize. 

4. Find Food

Food supplies can get low pretty quickly. Thankfully though, you’ll be surrounded by nature so you won’t need to go too far to search for sustenance. However, before you go catching fish or picking those berries, you might need to be aware of whether they’ll truly offer you any nutrition. Many forest fruits can cause allergic reactions or can even be poisonous, so you know your food before you eat it. Oaks, conifers, cattail, grasses – these are healthy choices. If you can’t identify a plant though, don’t eat it.

coffee, van and hiking bags

5. Stock up on Recreational Tools

All your hunting and gathering skills will be for naught if you don’t have any survival gear to help you through. Equip yourself with practical gear, like a waterproof travel backpack for starters and an outdoor water filter purifier. And be on the lookout for any other survival gear that can be useful in your adventures.

Train yourself in the art of survival. Only then will you be able to safely enjoy your adventures with nature! 

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